Amhara marriage

 

2% respectively. They suggest further, dynamic links between property and family. The Amhara rule of exogamy, prescribed in the Feth Nagast, requires that marriage-partners not be closer then ‘seven houses’; that is, not have a common great-great-great-grandparent. Improving the Lives of Married Adolescent Girls in Amhara, Ethiopia: A summary of the evidence Log in to add to library The programme “Towards Economic and Sexual Reproductive Health Outcomes for Adolescent Girls” (TESFA) focused solely on married girls in the Amhara region of Ethiopia and how to best support them as they transition to Romantic love may be nearly universal, but it is far from being a universally important basis for marriage. CHILDREN < 5 WITH DIARRHEA. Upload your CV and apply to the latest Job vacancies in Amhara. Child marriage perpetuates the cycle of poverty and gender inequality as well as increasing the risk of HIV infection and intimate partner violence. TV™ is a charitable organized nation and heritage ARChive catering to the socially conscious community. For example, in Amhara, Ethiopia – the region with the highest rate of child marriage in the country, at 45% – the government and a coalition of NGOs and foundations worked within a village to challenge views on girls and marriage. Child marriage violates girls’ basic human rights and brings their child-hoods to a swift end. The problem is particularly acute in the Amhara region of northern Ethiopia, where one-third of the girls are married by age 15, in spite of successful government-led efforts to reduce child marriage Preventing child marriage is a public health priority in Ethiopia. Tweet. Each person reckons their ancestry equally through their father and mother and inherits property the same way. Ethiopia in the Amhara region. The usual attire for the big day is the traditional Habesha Cloth. An oral contract or “temporary marriage” is made before witnesses. "My family received a request for my marriage Child marriage, defined as marriage before the age of 18, affects girls to a far greater extent than boys. The Amhara practice three types of marriage. According to the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS), Amhara region has the second highest rate of child marriage, 56 per cent, next to Benishangul-Gumuz region which has 58. 1 However, enforcement has been poor. But he was in denial about his Oromo genes. 50 % of girls are married by the age of 15, despite the enactment of the revised Family Law which Overall, ICRW’s evaluation findings demonstrate that the lives of married adolescent girls were greatly enhanced by girls’ participation in TESFA, particularly those involved in the SRH group. It identifies measures taken and challenges faced by different sectors and community initiatives and provides recommendation for practical intervention Early marriage is at its most severe in Ethiopia, though prevalence varies from one region to another. The Amhara practice three types of marriage: kal kidan, qurban, and damoz. Ethiopia’s federal government partnered with NGOs on local-level public awareness campaigns to help counter popular resistance. His district includes 56 churches and more than Women’s access to and control of land in the region has improved considerably. Only a minority — the priesthood, some older persons, and nobility — engage in eucharistic church marriage (qurban). Child marriage is also more common among certain population groups. The Amhara were totally caught unprepared to that scenario so that some of its elites retreated to a smug rhetoric- there is no Amhara nation. Harrassowitz Verlag. Only a minority—the priesthood, some older persons, and nobility—engage in eucharistic church marriage ( qurban ). The EGLDAM survey indicates an increase in age of marriage between 1997 and 2007 in all regions, and among regions with Young Lives sites especially Amhara, Tigray and Addis Ababa, and to lesser extent Oromia and SNNP. Amhara-Tigrinya Clothing Dr. Purpose/objective The specific objectives of the survey were to evaluate the causes of child marriage by exploring local knowledge, attitudes and practices. net Academia. Land grants originally given to military and religious personal have since been passed down to descendants. It is based on qualitative data collected in two rural communities located in Mecha Woreda and Meksegnit, both in Amhara Region. Child marriage, de ned as marriage below the age of 18, became illegal in Ethiopia in 2000. Pathfinder International/Ethiopia  Generate information and to critically examine causes and consequences of early marriage in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. There is also a "temporary marriage," by oral contract before witnesses. The Dynamics of Cognatic. 7 Jun 2011 Girls are fighting early marriage in Ethiopia's impoverished countryside, The couple live in Ethiopia's Amhara Region - an impoverished rural  21 Jul 2014 The thinktank's researchers in Amhara found it was therefore becoming common for parents to insist on marriage followed by a swift divorce so  Youth Affairs, the Amhara Regional Bureau of Women, Children and Youth, and . Estimate the current prevalence  2 Jun 2014 PLANNING IN AMHARA Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS), in Amhara, age at first marriage is lower in Amhara than in all. There is a high population of Jewish Ethiopians and their weddings mix both their traditional Jewish customs with elements of a traditionally ethnic Ethiopian culture. For the Amhara people, the average life expectancy is around 46, compared to 75 years in the USA. The vibrant Amhara  1 Mar 2019 “She has to pay back the reputation of her parents through migrating and generate income if she is not married. Kids' Fun Around the World We are like the irish of africa, irish kept fighting english royal house, we fight the amhara one, ours has been raging since 15th century till siyad barre in the 70s and all we want is our land baack, we dont want nothing to do with them, just like irish want they land back and want nothing to do with england. . Since internal beauty is what is needed in our community, get noticed for who you are, not what you look like. In Amhara, Ethiopia, girls, such as Mekdes Murgeta, marry before they are even teenagers. COM 'ethiopian' Search, free sex videos. The two common effects of marriage are its pecuniary effect and its effect on children. Some live as farmers who reside in the Ethiopian Highlands while tending cattle and sheep. Other articles where Semyana is discussed: Amhara: …kidan (also called serat or semanya [“eighty”]) is marriage by civil contract. The Raya Wollo people, sometimes called Raya Oromo are agricultural and music-loving Cushitic Oromo people but now mixed with small amalgamated Tigre and Amhara bloodlines living in the Debubawi Zone of the current Tigray Regional State at the eastern edge of the Ethiopian highlands in Ethiopia. Religion holds enormous importance in the lives of the Amhara. It advantages and disadvantages Amhara Region arrange marriage ceremony asked for betrothal Bahir Dar Branch Bahir Dar Zuria child hood children and prostitutes community members consequences of early considered as neglected disadvantages of early disease including HIV/AIDS divorce drop their education EWLA Bahir expected to aware family law The highest teenage pregnancy rates, which are often associated with early marriage, are in sub-Saharan Africa, where one in every four girls has given birth by the age of 18 years [2]. ceeb ma aha taasi. 4 years in Ethiopia, and 14. In the Amhara region of Ethiopia, half of all girls are married before the age of 15 years. This harmful practice is most common in developing Marriage. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 28 Mar 2014 In earlier times, before two persons conclude marriage, they would go through The Family Code of the Amhara region requires the contract of  Child marriage is a global concern and a priority issue for the African Union; the . Gage, PhD Tulane University (agage@tulane. AmharaMedia Amongst the Amhara people, the bride and groom’s families are responsible for arranging marriages. Submitted to UAPS African Population Conference 2007. 1. Festschrift to Professor Jan Brøgger. This study aimed to generate a cross-sectional community-based study of both quantitative and qualitative information on the practice of early marriage and to examine its causes and consequences in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. Some feel that the moment the marriage ceremony ends, they are actually no longer breaking the regulation. •. A non-Catholic partner in marriage is expected to study and learn the fundamental teachings of the Church. In the Amhara region — where Selenat lives — the average age is 14. ” Source: Pasternak, Ember, and Ember Sex, Gender, and Kinship. d3ayyz93zozlya. Child Marriage Prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia Association of communication exposure and social influence with parents/guardians’ knowledge and attitudes Anastasia J. 5 years — the lowest regional median age in the country. The aim of the present study was to determine the Jones et al. Date for Ethiopian singles. Priests may marry but not entitled for divorce or remarriage. These people . This study investigated the prevalence of early marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam zones of the Amhara Region in Ethiopia. 3 Mar 2016 Priests in Amhara advocate to End Child Marriage. School readers in English using a selection of these stories were published with the collaboration of the Education Bureau of the Amhara region under the direction of Bikala Seyoum. 2 for men of a similar age (CSA and ORC Macro, 2006), Amhara Region had the highest rates of child marriage in the country. Comparative studies conducted in 2004 identified the Amhara region as having the highest prevalence, with 48% of rural married women and 28% of urban married women having married before the age of 15. AMHARA TRIBE. AmharaMedia. Their origin is thought to have been modern-day Yemen (Sheba and Himyar), the Kingdom of Aksum and relocated to (Amhara) Sayint, Wollo, a place that was known as Amhara region in the past. In the religious sphere, the Amhara have an ancient Christian tradition that has its roots in the history of Aksum, although in this case, it becomes difficult to reconcile Aksum with the ethnic groups of Amhara AMHARA NATIONAL Early initiation of breastfeeding WOMEN’S AGE AT FIRST MARRIAGE Age at first marriage below 18 Median age at first marriage 50% 58% 16 years 17 years Amhara National GENDER EMPOWERMENT Husband rarely participates in household chores Woman never experienced violence by husband/partner 64% 63% 35% 24% Amhara National WOMEN’S Search Jobs in Amhara, Ethiopia. 1 A. In the rural Amhara region, 50 percent of girls are married by age 15 and 80 percent are married by age 18 (Erulkar et al. (TRANSITIONS TO ADULTHOOD, Berhane Hewan program in Amhara, Ethiopia) by "Population Briefs"; Sociology and social work Child marriage Control Marriage Peer counseling Methods Teenage girls Surveys Training Amhara people: most marriages are negotiated by the two families, with a civil ceremony sealing the contract. The topic came up when a correspondent was doing some research on this topic. “The Marriage of Sky and Sea” #Adventure #Ethiopia. A Case Study on Early Marriage Practice in Midda Woremo District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. 9 Mar 2018 By Teshome M. Only a minority—the priesthood, some older persons, and nobility—engage in  Descent is reckoned patrilineally, and married couples usually reside near the husband's home. cloudfront. The flow of the Blue Nile reaches maximum volume in the rainy season (from June to September) when it supplies about two-thirds Descent is reckoned patrilineally, and married couples usually reside near the husband’s home. April 2007. In the video below, which we can not verify the source, an ethic Oromo woman who is married to an ethnic Amhara man speaks about her ordeal due to the deliberate hate campaign and attack on ethnic Amharas. There are three predominant types of marriage in Amhara tradition. Catholics approaching the marriage should understand the meaning of marriage as a sacrament. Le mariage, le divorce et le remariage Ctablissent des distinctions  While marriage under 18 is legally prohibited in Ethiopia and many NGOs are prevention of early marriage (EM), in Amhara region prevalence is still as high  Child marriage prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia: Association of communication exposure and social influence with parents/guardians' knowledge and  to education for young and adolescent girls in the Amhara regional state in Key words: early marriage, education, Ethiopia, Amhara, gender inequality. She got married when she was 3. 2, 2014, pp. The Amhara region, the focus of this study, is a rural area in the northern part of the country and has the worst rates of child marriage within Ethiopia. As a result of the lack of control/comparison woredas and the widespread dissemination of early marriage prevention messages by various parties throughout Amhara Region since the enactment of the legal minimum age at marriage, the distinctions made between program areas and non-program areas were not clear-cut. When he to begin withshowed up in Amhara, he was doubtful he would locate any type of child brides. ISBN 978-82 Amharas are a Habesha Ethiosemitic-speaking ethnic group traditionally inhabiting parts of the northern and central  Marriage. Importantly, the median age at first marriage consistently increases These are FGM, early marriage, uvula cutting, milk teeth extraction, marriage by abduction, food prohibition, work restriction, massaging of the abdomen of pregnant women, excessive feasts, incision, and inheritance marriage . Pecuniary Effects Of Divorce It is good to note that the pecuniary effect of divorce is the most sensitive area that usually results in countless court litigation. The prevalence of early and forced marriage in Amhara Region, Ethiopia, condemn girls to lives marked by little or no education, poor health, increased vulnerability to HIV, low income and the inability to control life decisions. The Tigrayans' history and culture is derived from the Aksumite Kingdom tradition and culture whereas the history and culture of the Amhara people is derived from the post Aksumite imperial reign of Menelik II and Haile Selassie. A and ASSEFA TOLERA Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia ABSTRACT The present paper is a descriptive study of marriage ceremonies and types of marriage among Gidda Oromo, northern Wollega, Ethiopia. 2010. The graph below shows a lower median age at marriage for Amhara than Oromiya women, which would suggest a higher fertility among Amhara women. P. within countries. Child Marriage Prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia 1. The global burden of child marriage has shifted from South As ia to sub-Saharan Prevalence of early marriage in Amhara Region : the case of Bahir Dar zuria and Libokememkem Woredas Responsibility Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) Bahir Dar Branch; prepared by Belayeneh Admassu, Kefale Esubalew. 2 Haberland et al. Descent (Chicago, I973); and  26 Aug 2014 Amhara, Ethiopia - Mekdes Murgeta does not remember her actual wedding, but her family told her it happened when she was five . It is by far the most common form, though a great percentage of such unions end in divorce. Virginity is highly valued, so therefore sex Ethiopian Single. The principal focus of the study was to generate both quantitative and qualitative information on the current practice of early marriage and to critically examine the causes and consequences of the practice in the Marriage, divorce, and remarriage delineate significant status distinctions between the clergy and laity of rural Amhara society. 11 Aug 2016 The Amhara practice three types of marriage. For every 1,000 live births among the Amhara, 135 children die in infancy; a total of 203 Amhara will die during childhood, only 9. Hoben, Land Tenure among the Amhara of Ethiopia. 4 million in earnings and productivity. Please try again later. Even if the regulation is implemented, divorced girls in Amhara are actually typically stigmatised, cuing all of them to stay gotten married to away from fear. 2001 (1995) The ecology of rural Amhara marriage and divorce. ” Etymology. Rather abilities of the individual matter. It has emerged as a local initiative to promote the economic and social progress of the people of Amhara region. Many Amhara live in the harsh and stark mountains, easy to defend, but making it difficult to travel and gain provisions. A collection of useful phrases in Amharic, a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Read "Child marriage prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia: Association of communication exposure and social influence with parents/guardians' knowledge and attitudes, Social Science & Medicine" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. marriage age gap, child marriage is speci–c to certain societies, varies across regions and can evolve quickly over time. How an Ethiopian priest changed his views on child marriage. On the wedding day, Invited guests arrive at the venue; mostly a decorated auditorium or hall. From February 2009 until February 2012, it engaged over 100,000 women and adolescent girls. In 2005, half of Ethiopian women aged 20–24 were child brides and with a median age at first marriage of 15. "A Case Study on Early Marriage Practice in Midda Woremo District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia" Paper presented at the 5th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-13 September 2008, New Dehli, India. The homestead is the primary domain of authority within the larger political structure. At the same time, the authors highlight that 86% of Eritreans love Amhara while 82% of Tigrians hate Amhara - Survey By CDE 03 Sep, 2016 - A survey by Professor Alemseged Abbay* shows Eritreans don't harbor enmity towards the Amhara people. Data were  17 Nov 2017 An innovative program helps young adults educate their peers about the benefits of delaying marriage and childbirth. Child marriage, a formal marriage or informal union before age 18, is prevalent across all regions of Ethiopia. Over the past three years, I’ve been involved in an innovative project run by the aid agency CARE that is aiming to give these girls and young women who were married too young – some in Factors associated with institutional delivery service utilization. Relatively few programs focus specifically on married adolescents, however, and most focus narrowly on SRH rather than broader well-being The Amhara people have shared customs (traditions and rituals); shared values (beliefs) that are guiding the Amhara’s ways of thinking. Kinship and marriage. Amhara. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Causes and consquences of early marriage in Amhara region | Background: Ethiopia has one of the world's highest rates of early marriage (marriage under 18 years). Directed by John Howarth, Nancy Durrell McKenna. It is conducted in six adjacent districts. Find your next job with Ethiojobs. According to the United States Company for International Development (USAID), Amhara possesses several of the best fees of youngster marriage on earth. […] The early marriage of girls is another common feature of married life in This study examined the causes, consequences, trends and prospects of early marriage in Yenebrna and Graram kebeles by collecting primary data from 163 participants (112 respondents, 8 key informants and 42 focus group discussants) in addition to extensive review of secondary sources. Marriage is one of the most important rituals in the Oromo culture. Haile Selassie was the de jure Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. rural areas to urban areas due to various reasons such as divorce, marriage,  27 Nov 2013 Estimates suggest that 1 in 3 girls in the developing world are married before the age of 18. Socio‐economic advantages of one group over the other cannot be held accountable for differential divorce rates between the two groups in view of the far‐reaching homogeneity that encompasses both. Traditional clothing in Ethiopia varies by region, religion, tribe, and socio-economic status. So we called USCIS yesterday because the DHS site said that as of September 14th, he had already attended his interview. Ethiopia: Early marriage committees in Amhara and Tigray regions intervene when they hear of parents wanting to marry off girls under the legal age of 18. Kalkidan is the marriage by civil contract and is the most common. Home / Search Results / Family Code of Amhara . 21 Aug 2014 The Amhara combined with the Gurage, and the Tigray-Tigrinya people There are three predominant types of marriage in Amhara tradition. Rural women in particular tend to marry at a very young age than their husbands. marriage is pervasive in the region. There, as in the remainder of Ethiopia, it is prohibited to become married just before the age of 18. Key achievements include: Reduced prevalence of child marriage Reduced stigma and discrimination against women living with HIV/ AIDS Contraception and fertility transition in AMHARA National Regional State of ETHIOPIA: an application of BONGAARTS’ model Nega Mihret Alazbih1*, Getachew Nibret Tewabe2 and Tariku Dejene Demissie3 Abstract Background: The overall decline of fertility in Amhara National Regional State between 2000 and 2011 was the highest in Ethiopia. The project organised mentors and discussion groups for the girls, and gave them school supplies so they could “Yared Amare (1999)[[6]] has described semanya marriage in his study of northern Shewa in Amhara Region, an area where this form of marriage is also very common. Qurban marriages are perfomed in church and cannot be dissolved, even after the Explore Amhara's 2,257 posts on VisaJourney. According to tradition and culture the bride must be virgin when the marriage takes place. Kinship ties figure to some extent in connection with avenging murders, but primarily through determining the distribution of rights to the use of land. marriage in the Amhara Region is still inconsistent [11]. The Amhara practice three types of marriage: kal kidan, qurban,   Amhara Marriage: The Stability of Divorce*. In Ethiopia, early marriage remains a challenge. With increasing responsibility beyond the M&E aspects to the learning, program quality and impact measurement areas of the program office for more than three projects (EU LEGAS WASH promotion projects funded by European Union, CN. There is no divorce in this marriage, even after one partner dies (only on very, very, very, very rare occasions will you get out of this marriage). The 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (2016 EDHS) was implemented by the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) from January 18, 2016, to June 27, 2016. Early marriage is predominant in rural areas, whereas urban rates reflect the national av-erage. Peasant Communities of Amhara Region: The Case of Fogera Woreda in South. Amhara Tribe Map/Location This tribe is located in Ethiopia The geography of where they live affects them because the land is used for farming which is their main source of income Population The national population of this tribe is between 14-22million due to HIV/AIDS the A third form of marriage in Amhara culture has been damoz, which is considered of low status. The overall decline of fertility in Amhara National Regional State between 2000 and 2011 was the highest in Ethiopia. In Quarit, Amhara, for example, it is still common for girls as young as five to be married. Ethiopia Creating Partnerships to Prevent Early Marriage in the Amhara region JULY 2006 1 Population Council Tabulations of Ethiopia Demographic Health Survey, 2000. This is a baseline study on the project "Combating Child Marriage in North Gondar Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia". Iyasu V, another Oromo-Amhara, had been the de facto but uncrowned ruler of the Empire in the nineteenth century. 1% are Protestant. In 2000, the median age for marriage was 16. It makes little sense that a person who not only believed that he was a Tigrayan for over 40 years but actively fought against the “Amhara” would proclaim that after all these years he is in fact an ‘Amhara’ and now intends to do the reverse fight. 1840s-1941 [OLJIRA TUJUBA] on Amazon. Child Marriage Prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia — MEASURE Evaluation Which country has the highest rate of child marriage in the world? The Amhara region. Generally speaking, in a non-contracepting society, the earlier a woman marries, the higher her fertility outcome. Meet Bayush. No divorce is possible. 1% are Muslim, and 0. In Amhara’s Quarit district, it is still common for girls as young as five to be married, but these ‘marriages’ are purely ceremonial and are quickly followed by divorce. 153. The Amhara Women’s Association promotes income generation for women, and organizes girls’ clubs. of 18, and 62% were sexually active. The woman will be paid housekeeper’s wages during the marriage. OF. By the same token, the intervention set to address the problem of fistula. First Marital Dissolution in Rural Dembecha Woreda, Amhara Region: Demographic and Socioeconomic Determinants of First Marital Dissolution in Rural Dembecha Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia Paperback – November 21, 2011 Free Online Library: Program shown to significantly delay child marriage. Patrilineal descent is the norm. ” Young male, 16 years, Amhara  The Causes and Consequences of Early Marriage in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Very few young brides return to the classroom. Although located in Los Angeles, CIT offers comprehensive Amharic language services Amhara has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, with around three quarters of women aged 20 to 24 marrying before their 18th birthday. For the Amhara people, there is one doctor per 28,000 patients and one nurse per 8,393 patients. Some villagers may not understand the legislations prohibiting youngster marriage. In a temporal marriage, the woman is paid the housekeepers wages and is not eligible for any inheritance. Cal Interpreting & Translations (CIT) offers Amharic interpreters and translators with legal, medical, and specialty experience, including criminal and civil matters, employee meetings, engineering, patent cases, labor disputes, immigration, and more. The committees include government PDF | Child marriage is an important driver of poor health outcomes at the global level, particularly for those related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). It is very difficult to study marriage without, also, discussing divorce. Amhara lies in east of the Sone river and south of Bihta. [3] Haile Selassie symbolized Oromo counter-penetration of the Amhara at the highest political level. This can't just be fixed at our borders In the Amhara region of Ethiopia, where half of A Wedding Ceremony: A Wedding Ceremony Foreshadowing Your Life - “I, take you, to be my lawfully wedded husband, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better or for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish; from this day forward until death do us part. While Ethiopia has seen dramatic declines in the proportion of girls married before age 18, the Amhara region continues to be characterized by very high rates of child marriage, low use of family planning, poverty and low female empowerment. An Ethiopian wedding can take on various forms. 1,2 According to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Amhara has some of the highest rates of child marriage in the world . Others established a political party for the Amhara without creating a working relationship with parties articulating the interests of other ethnic groups. The damoz marriage is temporary, a man pays the woman to be a temporary wife, typically for a month or two, by an oral contract. In Amhara society there are marriage gifts expected from both the bride and  This paper analyzes poverty-affected females in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. 3 Mar 2016 This project has been successful in leading to the official cancellation or annulment of 1,500 cases of early child marriage in the Amhara region. RTV is poised to be the one of only multi-media global network intended to build bridges and connections amongst all spiritual, Afri-centric and Indigenous ones. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. am not an authority on Amhara clothing. With a median age at first marriage of 16. Age at first marriage is generally increasing around the world, though in many parts of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, a significant proportion of girls are still married before reaching their 18th birthday. 1 However, prevalence rates vary greatly by region and are often higher than national figures, such as in the Amhara region in northern Ethiopia, where almost 50 percent of girls are married by age 15 Creating Partnerships to Prevent Early Marriage in the Amhara Region Ethiopia In the Amhara regional state of Ethiopia, 50 percent of girls are married before the age of 15. a rural area in southern Amhara in the cool Ethiopian highlands. However, many of these marriages end in divorce. Child marriage is an important driver of poor health outcomes at the global level, particularly for those related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). 80 per cent of girls in Amhara are married by the time they are 18, half by the age of 15. 7 years. AMHARA REGION. The David and Lucile Packard Foundation has supported Hiwot Ethiopia since 2008 as part of its strategy to help young women receive the quality reproductive health services and education they need to thrive. 2, No. Among the Amhara people of Ethiopia, most marriages are negotiated by the two families with a civil ceremony sealing the contract. End of Child Marriage, amhara In November 2012 I visited a community in Bahir Dar that was part of the End Of Child Marriage programme funded by DFID. Murgeta presumes she is actually around 28 right now, but is actually not sure. Most marriages are negotiated by the two families, with a civil ceremony sealing the contract. FOOD INSECURITY7. A third form of marriage in Amhara culture has been damoz, which is considered of low status. Image: Jessica Lea / DFID Bayush lives about an hour’s drive from Selenat’s village. by the couple during their married years. et al. Therefore, intensifying women’s education, promoting up take of ANC visit in the first trimester, delaying marriage (preventing early marriage) are recommended interventions to increase institutional delivery service use. 23%. Murgeta married at five years old and believes she is around twenty-eight now. 8% and 21. Easter and epiphany are important celebrations to the Christian Amhara. Lynne Featherstone: The summer sees an increase in girls from the UK being forced into marriage abroad. Amhara rules of descent and inheritance are ambilineal. Woldegies, Belete Deribie (2008). (LAST 2 WEEKS). The Amhara people allow divorce after a series of negotiations. Yazew Tagela and Degu Eneyew are both Priests of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and  that first marriage at early age, lower level of education, older marriage cohort, and residence in Amhara re- gion significantly elongated first birth interval. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. by Girl Hub Ethiopia 2014. Added, May 2003. In areas such as the Amhara Region of Ethiopia,  10 Mar 2014 This study investigated the prevalence of early marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam zones of the Amhara Region in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of early marriage in the world, with one in two girls marrying before her 18th birthday and one in five girls marrying before the age of 15. He was reckoned throughone authorities representative that the legislation prohibiting kid marriage was actually so efficient, little one brides no longer exist. Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of early marriage in sub-Saharan Africa. 16%. It is marriage by civil contract. Early marriage and education: the complex role of social norms in shaping Ethiopian adolescent girls’ lives Nicola Jones, Bekele Tefera, Janey Stephenson, Taveeshi Gupta and Paola Pereznieto with Guday Emire, Betlehem Gebre and Kiya Gezhegne In the context of rapid economic development, but from a very low base, The regions that have made the most progress in reducing child marriage are Tigray, Amhara, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), and Addis Ababa FIG. Gender. The Amhara people are mostly agriculturist, one of the most culturally dominant and a powerful politically connected as well as Afro-Asiatic speaking ethnic group of ancient semitic origins inhabiting the northern and central highlands of Ethiopia, particularly the Amhara Region. doi:  marriage for young women. The data is only saved locally (on your computer) and never transferred to us. Home Amhara Marriage Chain. Oromiya women have been added for comparison. The Amhara National Regional state, the second largest state of Ethiopia, on its part identified FGM, early marriage Childhood marriage is an ongoing issue throughout countries, traditions, and ethnicities. However, it is important to consider historical events that can be certified by solid sources. I have compiled here some interesting references that might be of interst on this aspect of Amhara culture. Which region in Ethiopia is it estimated that 1 in 5 girls marry before their Why mediocre” Amhara-Oromo” conversation with jargons from ethnic politics is hyped… Share on Facebook Follow on Facebook Add to Google+ Connect on Linked in Subscribe by Email Print This Post borkena, Ethiopian News Video XNXX. “I am an Oromo and married to Amhara, and have children from him. Household relationships are primary, and the major economic, political and cultural functions are not based on kin relationships among the Amharas. Definitions Child, early and forced marriage Given the Young Lives focus on children, we use the term ‘child marriage’, rather than ‘early’ or ‘underage’ marriage to refer to marriage of young people Background. Early Marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam Zones of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Search Jobs in Amhara, Ethiopia. The Amhara occupy the central highland plateau of Shoa Province, Ethiopia. Marriage Chain Narrated by Yirga Ejigu. 18 The highest rates of early marriage are found in the Amhara region, the country’s second largest, where the median age at Ethiopia’s ethnic and religious diversity means child marriage assumes a wide variety of forms. northern Ethiopia, and that the median age at first marriage is rising in younger age groups. The Amhara Region is the location of Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, at Bahir Dar. The thinktank's researchers in Amhara found it was therefore becoming common for parents to insist on marriage followed by a swift divorce so that their daughter was free to migrate and send her Life in the Amhara farming society is hard. Aspen, Harald; Ege, Svein. The village is well connected to major cities with state highways. In this study, although 83. The 2000 Demographic and Health Survey for Ethiopia shows that, among women from Amhara who were 20 to 49 years old at the time of the survey, the median age at marriage was 14. The result shows that first marriage at early age, lower level of education, older marriage cohort, and residence in Amhara region significantly elongated first  8 Mar 2016 Ethiopia, child marriage, girl's empowerment, child rights. The parents of the bride and groom do the negotiations on behalf of the bride and groom, after which a civil wedding ceremony takes place.  91. 3 Types of early marriage in Ethiopia include promissory marriage, whereby a verbal promise is made at infancy Child marriage is most common in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. This region also has the lowest average age of marriage in Ethiopia. Pointing at  ON. Results show that the term early marriage encompasses a few different types of marriages in these communities, including promissory marriages, child marriages and adolescent marriages. There is also a “temporary marriage,” by oral contract before witnesses. A 2017 World Bank study shows that ending child marriage in Ethiopia could generate USD1581. From Erulkar, A. (1995) The ecology of rural Amhara marriage and divorce. Divorce is allowed and must also be negotiated. Marriage and death mark two major rites of passage in Amhara society. The practice of early marriage (before age 18)is prevalent, especially in the Amhara region of Northern Ethiopia where parents consent to their daughters' consummated marriages (betrothal occurs earlier) when they are still as young as 10 or 12. A recent literature on marriage practices around the world has explored the possibility Because many Ethiopian girls start school late, they often marry before completing primary school. 29 Recommendations to promote later, chosen, legal marriage •Raise awareness of the extent of early marriage and the human rights abuse it constitutes. Marriage is not something that two people invent, or construct by themselves. In Amhara, Ethiopia, as well as hot spot regions of Tanzania and Burkina Faso, USAID is supporting an innovative five-arm study on the effectiveness and cost of community education, economic incentives, and educational support on delaying marriage among adolescent girls, compared to control communities not receiving interventions. The webinar focused on a recent study on the effect of communication exposure and social influence on parents’ and guardians’ attitudes towards child marriage in Ethiopia. Research from the World Bank shows that early marriage often results in early and frequent births, taking their toll both on mothers and on the larger economy by fueling a cycle of illiteracy, poverty, and gender inequality. CARE is reaching 5,000 married girls, aged 14-19, empowering them to Early Marriage and the Campaign against It in Ethiopia Berihun M. The men in the fields, the women around the house and the children at home and watching the sheep--all work very hard. Murgeta resides in Mosebo, a non-urban community in the Amhara area in core Ethiopia. Many girls get married before age 18 in the northern, Amhara region of Ethiopia. The Amhara culture recognizes kinship, but unlike other ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa region, it has a relatively lesser role. Estimates in 2009 show at least 50 percent of ETHNIC INTERACTION: THE CASE OF OROMO AND AMHARA IN WESTERN ETHIOPIA: Oromo-Amhara Relations in Horro Guduru Awraja, Northeastern Wallaga, c. Price quotes in 2009 program at least half of ladies getting married to before they hit 18. In Ethiopia, men and women have clearly defined roles. edu) Marriage Practices Among The Gidda Oromo, Northern Wollega, Ethiopia GEMECHU BEYENE Tuskegee University, Alabama, U. Divorce is acceptable and must also be negotiated. The Amhara Highlands receive 80% of the total rainfall of Ethiopia and is the most fertile and hospitable region of Ethiopia. Rapport/avhandling. According the Ethiopian Christian traditions the bride must be virgin when marriage takes place. com. Mekonnen and Harald Aspen1 Ethiopian regional authorities started a campaign against early marriage in 2003. Jeff Edmeades was actually the analyst on the venture. Fortunately, most fistulas can be corrected surgically, even after several years. These are the events that add to or take away from the family. This can't just be fixed at our borders In the Amhara region of Ethiopia, where half of Lynne Featherstone: The summer sees an increase in girls from the UK being forced into marriage abroad. 22 Apr 2011 (April 2011) Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of early marriage in the such as in the Amhara region in northern Ethiopia, where almost 50  (2001) Amhara traditions of knowledge : spirit mediums and their clients. Yazew Tagela and Degu Eneyew are both Priests of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and members of the UNICEF supported Community Conversation Group against Child Marriage in the Bandani Kebele (neighbourhood) of the Dangla Woreda (district) in Amhara, Ethiopia. The most important influence in the development of Amhara culture was heralded by the introduction of Christianity during the fourth century. Marriage, Family and Kinship Marriage. 2 in this age group, Amhara Region had the highest rate of child marriage (Central Statistical Agency & ORC Macro, 2006). In Ethiopia, the rate of child marriage is three times higher in the northern region of Amhara (75 per cent) than in the capital city of Addis Ababa (26 per cent). A civil ceremony solidifies the contract and a priest may or may not be present. Background Organization for Child Development and Transformation (CHADET) is a charity organization which exists to inspire effective partnerships that ensure provision of quality services for children made vulnerable by street life and work, risky migration, early marriage, orphan hood, domestic work and HIV. 2. Marriage or dating for either user the of interest colchester in girl dutch dating are fields profile the of Some age, city, state Country format the in location website, dating online catholic free Addiet, Amhara Ethiopia example for towns, and cities the all region, Amhara in Giyorgis Yismala like villages small including , any from match In Ethiopia's Amhara region, 18-year-old Siraden is married but has not yet started living with her husband. Child Marriage Prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia by MEASURE Evaluation published on 2014-02-25T17:57:59Z Discussion led by Anastasia Gage February 2014 The webinar focused on a recent study on the effect of communication exposure and social influence on parents’ and guardians’ attitudes towards child marriage in Ethiopia. The derivation of the name "Amhara" is debated; according to some it comes from the word amari, meaning "pleasing, agreeable, beautiful and gracious" (also mehare, "gracious", containing the same m-h-r root as the verb to learn), while some Ethiopian historians such as Getachew Mekonnen Hasen say it is an ethnic name connected with Himyarites. 1 in the USA. The flow of the Blue Nile reaches maximum volume in the rainy season (from June to September) when it supplies about two-thirds (April 2011) Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of early marriage in the world, with one in two girls marrying before her 18th birthday and one in five girls marrying before the age of 15. , “Early Marriage and Adolescent Girls On HabeshaMatrimony, you'll be able to meet your ideal habesha soulmate with whom you can share the same interest, culture, religion and habeshian vibe. The most common age for a girl to marry is 12. Marriage & Divorce. Temporary marriage (Damoz) – This type of marriage is unique to Amhara wedding traditions. These ‘marriages’, This baseline study evaluates the causes of child marriage in North Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia, by exploring local knowledge, attitudes and practices. Marriage. Kin-negotiated civil marriage – this is the most widely practised form of marriage in the Amhara region. International Day of the Girl Child 2017- Child Marriage Mestawet Mekurya, 14, 7th grade student at Ayti orimary school, Zigem, Amhara region. Kal kidan (also called serat or semanya [“eighty”]) is marriage by civil contract. Most marriages are discussed by the two families. Gondar teens wearing colorful cultural clothing. (TESFA) program in Amhara The Programme reached 11 districts throughout the Amhara and Tigray regions. Therefore, the phenomenon of child marriage merits a theory of its own, which is the aim of this paper. Borago. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Although child marriage is associated with The survey reported particularly high rates of early marriage in the Amhara and Tigray regions. They are settled agriculturalists, and land is the focus of Amhara culture, social life, and personal concerns. The result shows that first marriage at early age, lower level of education, older marriage cohort, and residence in Amhara region significantly elongated first birth interval. W E I S S L E D E R / University of Toronto. Amhara people: most marriages are negotiated by the two families, with a civil ceremony sealing the contract. Amhara Media Latest News, Analisis, and Articles. As the ruling party plans to elect a new Prime Minister in a few days; more shocking information is coming out on the  Introduction / History The Amhara people are related to the Tigray and Tigre people of Ethiopia and Eritrea who together make up the Habeshans. Humanities and Social Sciences. National. But this is counteracted by the negative fertility impacts among Amhara women, of such other influences as longer birth intervals, longer breastfeeding, instability of marriage, etc. An Amhara would rather spend as much time as necessary searching for suitably shaped hard or soft saplings for a walking cane than perform carpentry, which is traditionally largely limited to constructing the master bed ( alga ), wooden saddles, and simple musical instruments. They must be ready to allow for the vocation of marriage and be open to accepting God's gift of children. It explored the knowledge and attitudes of residents towards early marriage practice. Ethiopian Jewish Wedding. It is the most common form of marriage by far. Religion and Early History of Amhara. net early marriage, orphan hood Records of Ethiopian property dealings provide insights into the affairs of Ethiopian families. DSW in partnership with GIZ, German Society for International Cooperation, is an implementing organization. Marriage before the age of 18 years is criminalized by the Family Code of the Amhara National Regional State when it was adopted in June 2003. They are at greater risk of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. A priest may be present. So here are the pecuniary effects of marriage. Young wives can be found in every region of the world. Vol. 4% mothers were urban respondents, the prevalence of institutional and home delivery was 78. 18. This menu's updates are based on your activity. Amharas have common traditions and rituals and beliefs. Program office Learning, Design and measurement head/manager (LDM head) CARE November 2010 – November 2012 2 years 1 month. “With respect to kinship, Amhara persons are linked through an ambilineal descent system. 2% of the people of the Amhara region are Christian: following the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. One case study of child marriage in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, where additional research shows 39% of females are married before the age of 15, found married adolescent girls have the fewest friends, the most limited exposure to media and are the least Atint Kotera was a traditional practice carried out before marriage at partners selection in the norm of arranged marriages in certain parts of North Shewa Amhara, Ethiopia as recently as two generations ago. Key to abbreviations: inf = informal, frm = formal, >m = said to men, >f = said to women, pl = said to more than one person. EARLY MARRIAGE. The legal age of marriage is 18 — but the law is seldom enforced. The study of marriage and marital relationships has previously been seen as a two-sided coin. net early marriage, orphan hood The brides family sing songs such as ( እግር ስመህ ግባ). Each of you have been invited here today because you are a part of that community. Amhara is a town and a Gram Panchayat in Bihta block of Patna district in the state of Bihar, India. The Experience of Adolescence in Rural Amhara Region Ethiopia, Population Council, 2004. Title Prevalence of early marriage in Amhara Region : the case of Bahir Dar zuria and Libokememkem Woredas / Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) Bahir Dar Branch; prepared by Belayeneh Admassu, Kefale Esubalew. IN. DFID’s End Child Marriage Programme (ECMP) is a £10 million programme spread over five years (2011 to 2016) that initially had the outcome target ‘to delay the age of first marriage of 200,000 adolescent girls in east and west Gojam, in the Amhara region by at least one year’. ABSTRACTChild marriage is an important driver of poor health outcomes at the empowerment programming for married adolescent girls in Amhara, Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, early marriage and domestic labour are just two of the girls through the GEC programme in Ethiopia's two largest regions, Oromia and Amhara. (2018), based on a research in the Amhara region over three years, argue that child marriage and arranged marriage are decreasing, girls education is becoming more common, and girls and young womens access to contraception and divorce is improving. Because you deserve what marriage deserves: better. Useful phrases in Amharic. (2010) Peasant Livelihoods in North Wälo, Ethiopia. labiectomy, first marriage, and death. 5K likes. 5 years in Amhara. This again negatively correlates with a woman’s age at first pregnancy and her total number of children. Amhara region has the highest rate of early-adolescent marriage in Ethiopia. 1 Many are betrothed even earlier and sent to live with their future husband’s family by the age of nine or ten. It also has one of the highest rates of child marriage on earth. Read "Amhara Marriage: The Stability of Divorce *, Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue Canadienne De Sociologie" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. The lowest median ages of marriage are in Afar and Amhara. This feature is not available right now. He states that semanya marriage is normally arranged by the parents, at least for younger couples. school, girls at risk of child marriage, and girls who are already married (Erulkar et al 2004; MOFED 2005). Orville Boyd Jenkins. The Amharas have historically inhabited the north, central and western parts of Ethiopia, and were a pastoralist, semi-agriculturalist ethnic group. © UNICEF Ethiopia Author YaʼItyop̣yā yaḥeg bālamuyā sétoč māhbar. 11-16. The gender gaps in early marriage may reflect -- and further exacerbate -- the gender inequality that exists in many of these regions. 6 years for women aged 25-29 in 2005, compared to 24. This study on the causes and consequences of early marriage in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia was conducted in March - April 2006. ADA wanted to tackle this This study aimed to generate a cross-sectional community-based study of both quantitative and qualitative information on the practice of early marriage and to examine its causes and consequences in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. Christian marriages are mainly in the Tigray and Amhara region in Ethiopia, and they are often arranged by the parents of the bride and the groom with a great deal of negotiation. Because the bride virginity is highly valued and pride in Christian marriage, with the whole family being shamed if the bride is not virgin at marriage. In fact, the median age at first marriage is lower in Amhara than in all other Ethiopian regions and chartered cities—half of women marry for the first time before age 14. July 2006. The ambilineal descent group in rural Amhara society serves an important role in allocating land rights within a feudal-like tenure system. In Amhara region, two of the four sentinel sites report the highest rates of HIV among pregnant women in the entire country. This research aims to gain insight into why EM is still a widespread practice in Amhara region despite these state and NGO efforts and explores how EM is valued locally. THE FAMILY: Anthropological approaches. Debretabor, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Once there was a couple – a wife and husband living together, sharing their love, ideas and To strengthen this unlikely marriage between the TPLF and Ginbot 7 propaganda, the regime has now officially accused all leaders of the Welkait Amhara Identity committee members as Ginbot 7 Causes & Consequences of Early Marriage in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia Ethiopia This report examines a study conducted in the spring of 2006 that gathered both quantitative and qualitative information on the practice of early marriage in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. Communication exposure was associated with increased odds of knowing marriage laws in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Since female virginity is highly valued, girls are very often married young, normally shortly after the first menstruation, but sometimes even earlier. The father of the household usually does most of the farming while the wife works in the house making food and caring for the children. Widows and widowers may remarry, except for priests, who are instead expected to become monks. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "amhara" Flickr tag. The film, Child Marriage, tells the story of Wube-Enat, a ten year old girl from an Amhara village, who is getting married to her fourteen year old husband Abebe. The Changing and Hidden Aspects of Early Marriage Arrangements among. THE VALUE OF EARLY MARRIAGE IN AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA Exploring local understandings of early marriage in a context of active prevention activities and a prohibitive legal framework. 14. A survey of key indicators in Tiweha, Dänkäna and Debeko qäbälé, Mäqét wäräda. Family Code of Amhara Family Code of Amhara, 2003. It According to tradition and culture the bride must be virgin when the marriage takes place. In 2006, Pathfinder International/Ethiopia conducted a cross-sectional community-based study of the incidence, reasons for, and the personal and social consequences of early marriage in the region of Amhara. 2010). RasTafari. In Amhara, Ethiopia and elsewhere around the globe, many child brides have little or no have access to reproduc­tive health information or services, and thus endure a slew of health problems that further cripple their ability to grow into healthy, productive women. Christian marriages, mainly in Tigray and Amhara regions, are often arranged by the parents of the bride and groom with a great deal of negotiation. S. W . com The Voice of Amhara People. Family & Personal Law. Improving the lives of married adolescent girls in Amhara, Ethiopia | STRIVE The Amhara Development Association (ADA) is an indigenous non-governmental and non-profit making organization which was established in May 1992 by the people of Amhara region. 12. In Serbia, for example, 8 per cent of women overall The analysis was made using Cox proportional hazard model and Kaplan Meier plot based on data collected from 10,240 ever-married women in the age group 15 to 49. The graph above shows the median age at marriage (by current age) of respondents in the Amhara region during the 2005 DHS. Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country? The Amhara Highlands receive 80% of the total rainfall of Ethiopia and is the most fertile and hospitable region of Ethiopia. Analysis based on newly available It has been designed to amplify efforts toward ending an early marriage practice in Amhara region. The TESFA program Early marriage has profound physical, intellectual, psychological and emotional impacts and reduces educational opportunities and the chance for personal growth for both boys and girls. As is the contrary, only, it seems as though the divorce side of the coin gets carefully studied, and Early age at first marriage was also significant predictor of institutional delivery service use. We know we only said very little about the Amhara people. I. The traditions, rituals, beliefs, values across the land of Amhara are uniquely different and belongs to its own. • Greater exposure to early marriage-prevention messages was associated with supportive attitudes toward delayed marriage. The study was expected to provide recent evidence on the Early marriage in Ethiopia: Causes and health consequences Comparative studies conducted in 2004 identified the Amhara region as having the highest prevalence, with 48% of rural married women and in Amhara, Ethiopia A Summary of the Evidence Background Today, there are nearly 70 million child brides world-wide, with an estimated 142 million more destined for early marriage over the next decade. Amhara life has been mostly the same for thousands of years. There are three things Oromos talk about in life: birth, marriage, and death. Much Amhara ingenuity has long been invested in the direct exploitation of natural resources. 14 Due to the practice of early marriage in Amhara region, it is assumed that an 18 year old woman could already be divorced, or widowed so she needs to be able to access land independently as she is no longer in her parental home. The young woman is then raped by her abductor or gang raped, after which she and her family feel they have no choice but to agree to a marriage because the victim’s perceived marriageability is severely compromised. Once a boy reaches the age of 18, his parents will start to seek out a wife for him. They also practise a temporary marriage that is effected by word of mouth in front of witnesses. Child marriage or early marriage, defined as marriage before the age of 18, According to the United States Agency for International Progression (USAID), Amhara possesses a few of the highest possible rates of little one marriage worldwide. Qurban marriages are church marriages, which to the Amhara are sacred. Traditional food and drinks will then be served. Bahr Dar was visited again in November 1999 and on that occasion the stories were translated by Mesfin Habte-mariam of the British Council. Initially, only two cities -- Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa -- adopted the reforms but over time the regions of Amhara, Oromiya, and Tigray enacted similar legislation. The findings show that the mean age of marriage in Amhara is significantly associated with lower educational status. Therefore, this study investigated early marriage in South Wollo and East Gojjam zones of Ethiopia where its incidence is highly prevalent. 7 (CSA and ICF International, 2012). It takes a far wider community of family and friends to make any marriage work. marriage, without looking first to the successful marriage. Save the Children empowered local organisations, such as the Amhara Women’s Association, by providing capacity development trainings for them to do their own advocacy and campaigning around ending child marriage. America Abroad. strategy in Amhara to form family alliances and ensure that the young couple were endowed with property to start a new household. Surprising trends in child marriage in Ethiopia 7 Child marriage experiences vary widely Driven by Ethiopia’s ethnic and religious diversity, child marriage assumes a wide variety of forms across the country. Qurban marriages are  In the past 90 years since the Tigraians lost power to the Amhara people of central Ethiopia, their A beautiful Tigrai bride wearing a traditional wedding dress. 11 Percentage of women aged 20 to 24 years who were first married or in union before age 18 While marriage under 18 is legally prohibited in Ethiopia and many NGOs are working on the prevention of early marriage (EM), in Amhara region prevalence is still as high as 45%. Amhara is very poor: it is served by few roads, children rarely get more than a few years of education and often walk many miles to school. amhara marriage

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